Wednesday, November 19, 2014

EMBEDDED PROJECTS WITH ABSTRACTS (Wireless Technologies - GSM/GPRS/GPS/ZigBee)


1. Design and Implementation of Vehicle Tracking System Using GPS/GSM/GPRS Technology and Smartphone Application - 2014

An efficient vehicle tracking system is designed and implemented for tracking the movement of any equipped vehicle from any location at any time. The proposed system made good use of a popular technology that combines a Smartphone application with a microcontroller. This will be easy to make and inexpensive compared to others. The designed in-vehicle device works using Global Positioning System (GPS) and Global system for mobile communication / General Packet Radio Service (GSM/GPRS) technology that is one of the most common ways for vehicle tracking. The device is embedded inside a vehicle whose position is to be determined and tracked in real-time. A microcontroller is used to control the GPS and GSM/GPRS modules. The vehicle tracking system uses the GPS module to get geographic coordinates at regular time intervals. The GSM/GPRS module is used to transmit and update the vehicle location to a database. A Smartphone application is also developed for continuously monitoring the vehicle location. The Google Maps API is used to display the vehicle on the map in the Smartphone application. Thus, users will be able to continuously monitor a moving vehicle on demand using the Smartphone application and determine the estimated distance and time for the vehicle to arrive at a given destination. In order to show the feasibility and effectiveness of the system, this paper presents experimental results of the vehicle tracking system and some experiences on practical implementations.

2. Toward the Design of Rural Intelligent Public Transportation System Rural Public Transportation of Iran – 2013

In order to improve the level of intelligence, availability, being on demand, convenience, information and humanization of rural public transportation systems, they are more willing to use modern information and communicative technologies. In addition to management services, intelligent transportation systems can provide passengers, drivers, travel agencies and other institutions with other services such as trip planning, tracking, routing and so forth. This paper presents a comprehensive design of rural intelligent transportation system based on cloud and grid computing, RFID, GPS, GPRS, NFC, GIS, etc. through electronic commerce and particularly mobile commerce in order to improve the rural transportation management and presentation of user-centric services. The system designed on this paper regardless of the possible challenges could efficiently cover the problems of Iran rural transportation and it can also be connected to urban transportation system and create numerous benefits

3. ARM Hardware Platform for Vehicular Monitoring and Tracking – 2013

Design of Vehicular monitoring and tracking system based on ARM using GSM and GPS is proposed. The vehicular module is used to track, monitor, and surveillance and finds the accident spot and intimate to the monitoring station. The proposed design provides information regarding vehicle Identity, speed, and position on real time basis. This information are collected by the ARM7 TDMI-S core processor LPC2148 by using different module and dispatch it to the monitoring station where it stores the information in database and display it on graphical user interface (GUI) that is user friendly. GUI is built on Microsoft Visual Studio 2010. This design provides information in real time using μC/OS-II.

4. Long Range Image radio transmitter -  2013

 Slow scan television (SSTV) image transmission system is used by many decades by radio amateurs.   There are numerous modes, some for B/W others for color images. We choose the Robot36 mode because it is transmitting color images and because is widely used. Usually this requires a PC to capture and process the data to get the audio signal necessary for transmission. In recent years the development of low cost embedded platforms open the possibility to replace the large PC with a small ARM boards to do all the video capture and single processing. In this case we used on of the cheapest model: Raspberry PI. For signal modulation and radio transmission, a miniature solution was developed using parts commercially available. The transmitter runs on 433.8MHz, output power 1.5W, and uses narrow band FM modulation, as the SSTV standard requires. Because of the small size relative to dissipate power, heat dissipation was carefully investigated. On the image was overlaid the data taken from GPS as an “on screen display” (OSD).

5. Implementation of Children Tracking System on Android Mobile Terminals – 2013

 Recently, all over the world, crime against children is increasing at higher rates and it is high time to offer safety support system for the children going to schools. This paper focuses on implementing children tracking system for every child attending school. However the existing systems are not powerful enough to prevent the crime against children since these systems give information about the children group and not about each child resulting in low assurance about their child safety to parents and also does not concentrate on sensing the cry of the child and intimating the same to its parents. The proposed system includes a child module and two receiver modules for getting the information about the missed child on periodical basis. The child module includes ARM7 microcontroller (LPC 2378), Global positioning system (GPS), Global system for mobile communication (GSM), Voice playback circuit and the receiver module includes Android mobile device in parent’s hand and the other as monitoring database in control room of the school. Finally, implementation results for the proposed system are provided in this paper.

6. Design of Intelligent Ambulance and Traffic Control – 2013

This paper represents the unique feature which is very useful to ambulance drivers to take an alternate route in case of congestion. The various performance evaluation criteria are average waiting time, average distance traveled by vehicles, switching frequency of green light at a junction, efficient emergency mode operation and satisfactory operation of SMS using GSM Mobile. The performance of the Intelligent Traffic Light Controller is compared with the Fixed Mode Traffic Light Controller. It is observed that the proposed Intelligent Traffic Light Controller is more efficient than the conventional controller in respect of less waiting time, more distance traveled by average vehicles and efficient operation during emergency mode and GSM interface. Moreover, the designed system has simple architecture, fast response time, user friendliness and scope for further expansion.

7. Automated Irrigation System Using a Wireless Sensor Network and GPRS Module – 2014

An automated irrigation system was developed to optimize water use for agricultural crops. The system has a distributed wireless network of soil-moisture and temperature sensors placed in the root zone of the plants. In addition, a gateway unit handles sensor information, triggers actuators, and transmits data to a web application. An algorithm was developed with threshold values of temperature and soil moisture that was programmed into a microcontroller-based gateway to control water quantity. The system was powered by photovoltaic panels and had a duplex communication link based on a cellular-Internet interface that allowed for data inspection and irrigation scheduling to be programmed through a web page. The automated system was tested in a sage crop field for 136 days and water savings of up to 90% compared with traditional irrigation practices of the agricultural zone were achieved. Three replicas of the automated system have been used successfully in other places for 18 months. Because of its energy autonomy and low cost, the system has the potential to be useful in water limited geographically isolated areas.

8. Application of Data Acquisition System for Superconducting Quantum Interface Devices (SQUID) at Remote Location – 2014

Together with technological developments related to the specific area, the scope of remote data acquisition systems has become widened. The usages of these kinds of systems prevent waste of time and labor. Therefore, in this work, the introduction and design of a data acquisition system that can sense and send the output of Superconducting Quantum Interface Devices (SQUID) to main lab via wireless with GPRS is aimed to be provided.
The system of this design uses FPGA and MCU together within the processes of collecting, packing and sending data. In this design, XILINX Spartan 3AN is used as a FPGA, ST Microelectronics ARM Cortex-M4 used as a MCU. The main purpose of FPGA is collecting analog data with using ADC and packing them in order. On the other hand, the main purpose of MCU is to send packed data through the GPRS. The processing load of MCU is decreased by using FSMC (Flexible static memory controller) of it while getting data from FPGA; also with parallel connection data transfer rate is increased. Also by using FSMC, first time 200Hz data collecting will actualized through the remote data acquisition systems based on GPRS.

9. Plantation Monitoring System Based on Internet of Things – 2013

In this work, we present a plantation monitoring system based on Internet of Things. The system combines wireless sensor network, embedded development, GPRS communication technology, web service, and Android mobile platform. The hardware design of sensor nodes, data acquisition, data transmission, together with data visualization and abnormal alarm are discussed in detail. Long-term experiment of the system shows that the scheme is feasible and reliable.

10. Intelligent Early-warning System for Landslides Based on the ZigBee Network – 2013

For mountain landslides, this paper proposes an intelligent early-warning system for landslides based on ZigBee network. It adopts Cortex-M3 architecture of the chip as the embedded core control processor to improve system integration, data processing capabilities, the ZigBee uses CC2530 as the hardware foundation to construct ZIGBEE wireless sensor network, and then uses GPRS as the technological manner to remotely information. The results show that the system is completely functional. And it has versatility and good scalability, can overcome the traditional monitoring method of single function which efficiency is low and cost is high; it can effectively achieve the landslide monitoring and prevention of the adverse geological conditions under the mountain.

11. Design of vehicle bus data acquisition and fault diagnosis system

This paper introduces the overall design of vehicle bus data acquisition and fault diagnosis system on the basis of OBD, focusing on its lower computer system and the upper computer system design principles. This system is based on the widely used CAN bus technology, to extract the vehicle's status or fault information. The CAN bus adopts the SAE J1939 protocol standards, maximize the superiority of it. The system acquires and analyses the data from the CAN bus under the SAEJ1939 protocol, which provides about 400 faults. The system displays the faults on the LCD screen in the way of the fault tree, so the users can check them easily. It can send data to the upper computer system or management center by General Packet Radio Service (GPRS), to view the vehicle status or fault information far away, and to achieve the remote monitoring of the vehicle and fault diagnosis.

12. IOT Gateway: Bridging Wireless Sensor Networks into Internet of Things – 2010

With the development of sensor, wireless mobile communication, embedded system and cloud computing, the technologies of Internet of Things have been widely used in logistics, Smart Meter, public security, intelligent building and so on. Because of its huge market prospects, Internet of Things has been paid close attention by several governments all over the world, which is regarded as the third wave of information technology after Internet and mobile communication network. Bridging between wireless sensor networks with traditional communication networks or Internet, IOT Gateway plays an important role in IOT applications, which facilitates the seamless integration of wireless sensor networks and mobile communication networks or Internet, and the management and control with wireless sensor networks. In this paper, we proposed an IOT Gateway system based on ZigBee and GPRS protocols according to the typical IOT application scenarios and requirements from telecom operators, presented the data transmission between wireless sensor networks and mobile communication networks, protocol conversion of different sensor network protocols, and control functionalities for sensor networks, and finally gave an implementation of prototyping system and system validation.

13. Remote-Control System of High Efficiency and Intelligent Street Lighting Using a ZigBee Network of Devices and Sensors -  2013

The proposed remote-control system can optimize management and efficiency of street lighting systems. It uses ZigBee-based wireless devices which enable more efficient street lamp-system management, thanks to an advanced interface and control architecture. It uses a sensor combination to control and guarantee the desired system parameters; the information is transferred point by point using ZigBee transmitters and receivers and is sent to a control terminal used to check the state of the device.

14. A Cloud Network-based Power Management Technology for Smart Home Systems – 2012

As our world is suffering energy crisis on oil and natural resources shortages, how to make efficient use of limited power energy has remained a major problem to be conquered so far. Aimed to facilitate the life of human being as well as to use the limited power energy more efficiently, we propose in this paper a technology that can perform remote control and monitoring of electrical appliances on the Internet. To do this, an intelligent power socket (IPS) module that is able to control and monitoring the power of electricity is realized in this research. The IPS modules are placed in conjunction with the electrical appliances that are to be controlled from a far-end place. In addition, an embedded system based home gateway that can be connected with the Internet is set up in which the electrical appliances are located. Moreover, the acquired power consumption information or the status of the appliances is stored in a database server in the Cloud. With the proposed structure, authorized users or system managers can log into the web server which is connected with the database, monitoring the power status and take actions on the appliances remotely. The control command from the far-end place, i.e., from the web server on the Internet, is first sent to the home gateway and then transmitted to the IPS modules through the Zigbee wireless communication protocol so that the remote control of appliances can be achieved. The proposed architecture can be easily applied to any kind of room space. Moreover, only a browser is needed for the client to communicate with the web server, no other application program is required. As the browser is now available almost on every information technology products, e.g., a notebook or a smart phone, the proposed architecture has been shown to be very convenient and useful for remote control and monitoring of electrical appliances, and hence can facilitate the life of human beings.

For details contact Robert @ +91 9962382012

Wednesday, December 3, 2008

EMBEDDED PROJECTS WITH ABSTRACTS (RASPBERRY PI)

1.    Raspberry Pi based Interactive Home Automation System through E-mail -  2014

Home automation is becoming more and more popular day by day due to its numerous advantages. This can be achieved by local networking or by remote control. This paper aims at designing a basic home automation application on Raspberry Pi through reading the subject of E-mail and the algorithm for the same has been developed in python environment which is the default programming environment provided by Raspberry Pi. Results show the efficient implementation of proposed algorithm for home automation. LEDs were used to indicate the switching action.

2.    Affordable and Energy-Efficient Cloud Computing Clusters: The Bolzano Raspberry Pi Cloud Cluster Experiment – 2013

We present our ongoing work building a Raspberry Pi cluster consisting of 300 nodes. The unique characteristics of this single board computer pose several challenges, but also offer a number of interesting opportunities. On the one hand, a single Raspberry Pi can be purchased cheaply and has a low power consumption, which makes it possible to create an affordable and energy-efficient cluster. On the other hand, it lacks in computing power, which makes it difficult to run computationally intensive software on it. Nevertheless, by combining a large number of Raspberries into a cluster, this drawback can be (partially) offset. Here we report on the first important steps of creating our cluster: how to set up and configure the hardware and the system software, and how to monitor and maintain the system. We also discuss potential use cases for our cluster, the two most important being an inexpensive and green test bed for cloud computing research and a robust and mobile data center for operating in adverse environments.

3.    Embedded System for Visual Odometry and Localization of Moving Objects in Images Acquired by Unmanned Aerial Vehicles – 2013

In this paper is presented the visual odometry and the localization of moving objects from aerial images embedded in an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle system with use of the Raspberry Pi and an IP camera. The techniques used are the Oriented FAST and Rotated BRIEF (ORB) descriptor to detect and extract the interest points and the RANdom SAmple Consensus (RANSAC) method to estimate the parameters from a matched points matrix for finding the camera translation. The visual odometry and morphological operations to point out moving objects have been performed.

4.    Using of Raspberry Pi for Data Acquisition from Biochemical Analyzers – 2013

 A large number of analyses performed in a biochemical laboratory requires that results of these analyses are automatically acquired from analyzers which can be of different types and produced by various producers. Automatic data acquisition prevents errors which are possible if results are manually transcribed into reports for patients. Beside this, acquired results are saved in database from where they are available to be used in electronic health record (EHR). Above requirement resulted in development of a solution for data acquisition from heterogeneous laboratory analyzers. Here we present the solution which is based on minicomputer Raspberry Pi model B, Raspbian OS, Mono Framework and a .NET Framework 4.0 console application written in C# programming language. Proposed solution is tightly connected with medical information system MEDIS.NET and with laboratory information system LabIS. In order to test whole concept we developed a laboratory simulator which completely implements protocol for biochemical analyzers. The emphasis is on an inexpensive solution which connects a large number of heterogeneous analyzers at a biochemical laboratory.

5.    A Low Cost Assistive Outdoor Navigation System for Blind People – 2013

With over 39 million visually impaired people worldwide, the need for an assistive device that allows the blind user navigate freely in crucial. We have developed an off line navigation device that uses 3 D sounds to provide navigation instructions to the user. Our device relays instructional information to the user through special audio bone headphones, which use bone conduction technology. Sounds are recorded and that can be selected by the blind user. Navigation processing is handled by a Raspberry Pi. We are using a magnetic compass and gyroscope to calculate the direction that the user is facing. Route queries of the destination address are geo coded using the geo coder US module and passed to the MO navigation module to generate a pedestrian route. Additional capabilities of the device will include speech recognition and voice prompts for obtaining the users desired destination address. The user can input the address by speaking into a micro phone. The entire system is mounted to a pack that sites on the users waist. It is very light and portable and it does not impede any of the user’s senses while it is being used.

6.    The Glasgow Raspberry Pi Cloud: A Scale Model for Cloud Computing Infrastructures – 2013

  Data Centers (DC) used to support Cloud services often consist of tens of thousands of networked machines under a single roof. The significant capital outlay required to replicate such infrastructures constitutes a major obstacle to practical implementation and evaluation of research in this domain. Currently, most research into Cloud computing relies on either limited software simulation, or the use of a test bed environments with a handful of machines. The recent introduction of the Raspberry Pi, a low-cost, low-power single-board computer, has made the construction of a miniature Cloud DCs more affordable. In this paper, we present the Glasgow Raspberry Pi Cloud (PiCloud), a scale model of a DC composed of clusters of Raspberry Pi devices. The PiCloud emulates every layer of a Cloud tack, ranging from resource virtualization to network behaviour, providing a full-featured Cloud Computing search and educational environment.

7.    Long Range Image radio transmitter -  2013

Slow scan television (SSTV) image transmission system is used by many decades by radio amateurs. There are numerous modes, some for B/W others for color images. We choose the Robot36 mode because it is transmitting color images and because is widely used. Usually this requires a PC to capture and process the data to get the audio signal necessary for transmission. In recent years the development of low cost embedded platforms open the possibility to replace the large PC with a small ARM boards to do all the video capture and single processing. In this case we used on of the cheapest model: Raspberry PI. For signal modulation and radio transmission, a miniature solution was developed using parts commercially available. The transmitter runs on 433.8MHz, output power 1.5W, and uses narrow band FM modulation, as the SSTV standard requires. Because of the small size relative to dissipate power, heat dissipation was carefully investigated. On the image was overlaid the data taken from GPS as an “on screen display” (OSD).

For details contact Robert @ +91 9962382012

Substation Monitoring System - Electrical Transmission And Distribution Process

This paper proposes an advanced function for the supervisory system of an electrical distribution substation. The advanced function is defined as a Fault Diagnosis System (FDS) that seeks to identify and to locate faults in substations from the analysis and filtering of information made available by the supervisory system. The proposed FDS provides the electric power system operators a reduced volume of necessary and accurate information, causing the task of fault diagnosis less stressful and faster. An implementation of the FDS function based on colored Petri nets was applied to the electric arrangement of the Beberibe substation of the electrical distribution utility COELCE.

Multi Channel Voltage Scanner – SCADA

This project “Multichannel Voltage Scanner and Control Using SCADA” is designed using the PIC Microcontroller aids in the measurement of Various Voltages From Different Areas and also provides a serial interface to the PC to achieve SCADA.

The SCADA (Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition System) is achieved by transferring the parameters to a remote terminal and getting the feedback from the remote computer and abide by the same.

The transfer rate of this microcontroller is 19400 Baud rate. This enables us to view and track the online changes encountered in the Particular parameter or of all the parameters. One of the main advantage of this project is it allows us to view all the parameter readings simultaneously on the screen. The Graph drawn on the screen keeps on tracking the changes on the parameter. It also supports Background Processing of the Parameters.

Parameters:

4 Channels of AC Voltage Measurement
4 Channels of DC Voltage Measurement

Software:

Software Compatibility with ‘C’ and Visual Basic.

Digital Energy Meter and Voice Annunciation With Proximity Card

The “Digital Energy meter” replaces the old Energy meter to update the current system of Electricity metering. Presently we have the analog meter which has a moving coil and based on the electricity consumed the speed of the coil varies. The electricity units are calculated based on the no of rotations of the coil. This is the old method. Now with our project we can have the Energy consumed (Units) will be displayed on a seven segment display.